Complex structures and operational rules,

Somerset Levels, England

The Somerset Levels and Moors are a managed catchment with the flow of water being controlled by a network of structures and pumping stations. During winter 2013-2014, the catchment experienced widespread flooding which was modelled using Flood Modeller’s 1D solver.

Area experienced significant flooding with 500,000,000 cubic metres of water entering the lowland area of one of the key catchments

Key facts

‘What if’ scenarios were performed to quickly simulate a long duration flood event without any loss of accuracy

The 1D model consisted of 4,668 nodes, 40 separate pumps each with up to 32 operational rules

Using a standard desktop computer, the model can simulate a 3-month flood event in less than 16 hours, whilst still providing the required level of accuracy

The flood event began in mid-December 2013 and continued for two months. During this time, there was only one day in which the catchment did not experience any rainfall. This led to over 500,000,000 cubic metres of water entering the lowland area of one of the key catchments (River Parrett catchment).


The Environment Agency for England estimated that there were in excess of 65,000,000 cubic metres of floodwater on the land, covering an area of 65 square kilometres.

 

The Environment Agency carried out the single largest pumping operation ever experienced in the United Kingdom. In addition to the permanent pumping stations, temporary pumping units were introduced at many locations.

Black & Veatch were appointed by the Environment Agency to provide expert input and advice during the flood event. This included advice on the hydraulic implications of varying intervention options. During the flood event a 1D hydraulic model was used to perform ‘what if’ scenarios. These scenarios supported the response to questions raised by the incident team, residents, media and government, meeting the need for science-based answers. Results of these scenario tests were often required with minimal warning in a very short timeframe. Therefore, the ability to run multiple variations of the model using Flood Modeller’s 1D solver, without compromising the accuracy of the results, was essential throughout the course of this event.

The model used for these assessments was reviewed by an international expert review panel during the flood event. The model has been, and will continue to be, used to support the assessment of interventions contained within the 20 Year Flood Action Plan.

 

Following the flood event, the model has been further enhanced with new data including channel surveys, bank surveys and revised hydrology. The final model contains 4,668 nodes, representing over 135km of channel and the associated moors.

 

There are 40 separate pumps represented in the model, each with up to 32 operational rules. There are 270km of banks represented in the model by spill units. These are critical to the overall performance of the system and significant time has been spent, and data used, to ensure suitable discharge coefficients were selected. Overall the final full model can simulate a 3 month flood event in 16 hours of computer time, whilst still providing the required level of accuracy.

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